Trading Terms Glossary
An exchange is a virtual marketplace where people trade different types of investments, such as Bitcoin, Ethereum and other crypto-currencies. Example: Binance
A peer-to-peer exchange is a service that allows individuals to trade their assets with others without the involvement of third party processing. Example: Bisq
A broker is a person who allows his customers to trade investments, in exchange for a set price.
What is social trading?
Social trading is the act of interacting and sharing trading ideas with other individuals on a trading network. Example: Wunderbit Trading
What is mirror trading / shadow trading?
Mirror trading is a strategy, in which an individual replicates the trades of a more experienced trader.
What is copy trading?
Copy trading is the act of copying the actions of another trader, which in turn allows the individual to replicate the trader's performance.
What is technical analysis?
Technical analysis is a trading strategy that utilizes the analysis of current charts and their patterns in order to predict the future growth of an asset's price.
What is fundamental analysis?
Fundamental analysis is a trading strategy in which one examines and analyses a wide range of data in order to determine the long-term viability and value of an asset. Read more: Investopedia on Fundamental Analysis
What is trading strategy?
A trading strategy aims to achieve the most profitable results when buying or selling trade-able assets.
Bid is the price a buyer is willing to pay for the seller's assets.
Ask is the price the seller is willing to accept for their assets.
A bid-ask spread is the difference between the bid price and the ask price.
A bull market is the state of the market in which its share prices are expected to rise.
A bear market is the state of the market in which its share prices are expected to fall.
Good 'Til Cancelled Order
A good 'til cancelled order is an order that will be executed when the asset reaches your set price. The order will remain active until you cancel it yourself.
A day order is an order that expires at the end of the day if the set price is not reached.
Volatility measures by how much an asset's value has changed over time.
Liquidity measures how quickly an asset can be bought or sold.
Trading volume is the number of assets being traded each day.
Going long is the intention of selling an asset at a higher price in the future.
Averaging down is the act of buying an asset as it's price drops.
Market capitalization is how valuable a company is to the market.
Public float is the number of a company's shares that are held by public investors.
Authorized shares are the highest number of shares that a company can distribute.
IPO, or initial public offering, is the first-time sale of a company's shares to the public.
A secondary offering is the sale of new shares to the public with the intention of raising money after it has made an IPO.
Blue Chip Stocks
Blue-chip stocks are the shares of reputable, well-established and financially stable companies.
Forex is the market in which foreign currencies are exchanged.
Hedge Funds and Mutual Funds
Both hedge funds and mutual funds are types of investments that collect money from investors with the intention of quickly multiplying it.
An ETF - or "exchange-traded fund" - is a collection of securities that track an index and can be traded on exchanges.
ADRs - or "American depositary receipts" - are securities of a foreign company that trades in the U.S.
The beta is the sensitivity of a stock to the market's movements.
Day trading is the act of trading multiple times within the same day in an attempt to profit from small changes in a market.
A dividend is a sum of money earned by a company that is distributed to its shareholders.
Execution is the completion of an order.
Margin is the money that an investor has borrowed from a broker in order to purchase an investment.
A moving average the average price of a stock over a certain period of time.
A portfolio is the collection of assets an investor holds.
A quote is the latest trading price of a stock.
A rally is an increase in the price of a stock.
A sector is a set of businesses that operate in the same industry.
A stock symbol is a set of letters assigned to a company on a stock exchange.
The yield is the amount of money received after an investment as well as the interest earned.
Fiat is a currency that is issued by the government.
A sell wall is a large number of sell orders at a specific price.
A buy wall is a large number of buy orders at a specific price.
Resistance is the expectation of an asset's price rise to stop due to a decrease in demand, followed by the decline of the asset's price.
Support is the expectation of an asset's price decline to stop due to an increase in demand, followed by the rise of the asset's price.
Blockchain is a decentralized system that is linked together using a network of computers. It’s goal is to maintain a public record of transactions made using a cryptocurrency.
A node is a computer that is connected to a blockchain network and is used to maintain it.
Hot storage is a type of cryptocurrency wallet that is used online.
Cold storage is a type of cryptocurrency wallet that is not connected to the internet.
A software wallet is a software program in which cryptocurrency is stored.
A hardware wallet is a hardware device that stores the individual's cryptocurrency private keys.
Trading: Types of order to know
Trailing stop order
Stop Limit (aka trigger order)